This intermolecular interaction can also be called dipole-permanent or dipolar.
It occurs in polar molecules. It is less intense than hydrogen bridges.
When the molecule is polar, there is on one side a more electropositive atom and on the other a more electronegative atom.
It is set so that the negative end of the dipole of one molecule is oriented toward the positive end of the dipole of another molecule.
HCl, HBr, HI